Transport coefficients for Planetary Atmospheres

Transport coefficients (thermal conductivity λ, viscosity η and electrical conductivity σe) for plasmas generated in the impact of space vehicles on different planetary atmospheres (Earth, Jupiter, Mars), have been derived, in the framework of the Chapman Enskog theory, considering a high-order approximation and including also minor species. The core of the calculation is represented by the characterization of binary interactions, i.e. the derivation of collision integrals, describing the microscopic dynamics. The phenomenological approach has been proposed and validated for a number of different systems, that is based on modeling the average interparticle interaction with a phenomenological potential, whose parameters can be estimated through correlation formulas from physical properties of the collisional partners. Moreover a novel efficient algorithm has been implemented based on fractal integration.

Fernando Pirani, G. Liuti (University of Perugia, Italy) (on phenomenological approach, also considering excited states)
B.M. Smirnov and A.V. Kosarim (Joint Institute for High Temperatures, RAS, Moscow Russia) (on resonant charge exchange involving excited states of N2 and He)
A.V. Eletskii (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow Russia) (on resonant charge exchange involving excited states)
Technology transfer

The joint research activity with Antonio D’Angola (Università della Basilicata) has led to the construction of a web-access computational tool EquilTheta, that calculates chemical equilibrium product concentrations, thermodynamic and transport properties for a given mixture in wide temperature and pressure ranges, and is the focus of a business plan for the creation of a CNR-UniBAS spin-off.

Facilities

Publications

Mario Capitelli, Domenico Bruno, Annarita Laricchiuta
Fundamental Aspects of Plasma Chemical Physics: Transport
Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, vol. 74 (2013)

A. D’Angola, G. Colonna, C. Gorse, M. Capitelli
Thermodynamic and transport properties in equilibrium air plasmas in a wide pressure and temperature range
European Physical Journal D 46 (2008) 129

People Involved

Projects

Latest News

Loretta del Mercato, si aggiudica l'ERC STARTING GRANT 2017

Loretta del Mercato, si aggiudica  l'ERC STARTING GRANT 2017

uno dei bandi più competitivi a livello europeo.

Lecce, 6 settembre 2017 

Lo European Research Council, che promuove la ricerca di eccellenza in Europa, nei giorni scorsi ha reso noti i nomi dei 406 vincitori della selezione ERC STARTING GRANT 2017, il bando tra i più competitivi a livello internazionale.

Su 3085 progetti presentati, 406 i progetti selezionati a cui sono stati destinati i 605 i milioni di euro di investimento. 48 le nazioni di provenienza dei ricercatori, soltanto 17 gli Italiani che condurranno le loro ricerche nel nostro paese, tra cui Loretta del Mercato, ricercatrice dell'Istituto di Nanotecnologia del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche di Lecce.

Un importante riconoscimento alla ricerca nel settore della medicina di precisione condotta presso il CNR NANOTEC, un indiscusso premio al talento della giovane ricercatrice che, a 38 anni e un contratto a tempo determinato, sarà a capo del progetto "Sensing cell-cell interaction heterogeneity in 3D tumor models: towards precision medicine – INTERCELLMED".

Il progetto, il cui obiettivo è affrontare uno dei problemi più spinosi della ricerca sul cancro, ovvero la difficoltà nel trasformare i risultati delle ricerche scientifiche in applicazioni cliniche per i pazienti e che vedrà coinvolto l'Istituto tumori "Giovanni Paolo II" di Bari, si propone di sviluppare nuovi modelli in vitro 3D di tumore del pancreas, alternativi ai modelli animali, ingegnerizzati con un set di sensori nanotecnologici che consentiranno di monitorare le interazioni delle cellule tumorali con il loro micorambiente, verificare l'appropriatezza delle terapie prima della somministrazione ai pazienti oncologici e quindi prevedere la risposta dei singoli pazienti ad una o più terapie antitumorali.

La realizzazione di queste piattaforme 3D multifunzionali consentirà di superare le evidenti differenze intercorrenti tra "modelli animali" ed esseri umani fornendo dati attendibili ed in tempi più rapidi rispetto ai dati ottenuti tramite lunghi e costosi procedimenti di sperimentazione sugli animali. Le tecnologie e i modelli sviluppati saranno estesi anche ad altre forme di tumori solidi nonché impiegati per studi nell'ambito della ingegneria tissutale e della medicina rigenerativa.

Rassegna stampa e Video

Zeiss Microscopy Technology and Complete Correlative Workflow

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Zeiss Microscopy Technology and Complete Correlative Workflow

Lecce, Italy, 2017 Wednesday July 19th 

CNR NANOTEC @ Lecce, Aula Seminari – pal. G, Piano Terra

Program - PDF

Zeiss, as microscopy technology leader, provides the unique complete imaging solution ranging from light, confocal, electron, ion and Xray modalities with a complete and straightforward correlative workflow. An overview of different technologies will be presented with a special focus on X-Rray microscopy.

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MCS 2017

International Workshop on Micropropulsion and CubeSats

Bari, Italy, 26 - 27 June 2017

Program - MSC2017

This narrow-field, invited-only meeting is the first attempt to bring together the Materials and Micropropulsion communities with a view to contribute to the development of the Global Materials and Micropropulsion Roadmap, and set such meetings to a regular basis.

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Related Research Ativities

2D & 3D Colloidal Nanocrystal based Devices

2D & 3D Colloidal Nanocrystal based Devices

2D & 3D Colloidal Nanocrystal based Devices

Colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) are very promising materials for photovoltaic applications since they can absorb most of the sunlight radiation, they can be synthesized in the solution phase and may coated on flexible substrates, retaining the broadband absorption and superior transport properties of traditional photovoltaic semiconductors.

Colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) are very promising materials for photovoltaic applications since they can absorb most of the sunlight radiation, they can be synthesized in the solution phase and may coated on flexible substrates, retaining the broadband absorption and superior transport properties of traditional photovoltaic semiconductors.

Colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) are very promising materials for photovoltaic applications since they can absorb most of the sunlight radiation, they can be synthesized in the solution phase and may coated on flexible substrates, retaining the broadband absorption and superior transport properties of traditional photovoltaic semiconductors.