Plasmas, lasers and nanostructures

Pulsed Laser Ablation in Liquids (PLAL) from the experimental point of view is a relatively simple process to produce nanoparticles (NPs) and nanostructures in a “clean” way without dangerous reactants or undesired contaminants, requiring no extreme conditions of the environment synthesis. Several promising advantages, such as environmental sustainability, easy set-up, long stability of the produced NPs, the possibility of further functionalization and the comparatively low cost have led to the growing interest in the NPs production by PLAL and that is why the research in this field is rapidly developing. However much still needs to be clarified, in particular the formation mechanisms of NPs. Many phenomena such as laser-matter interaction, plasma chemistry and dynamics, cavitation bubble, particle nucleation should be taken into account.

These kind of “naked” NPs can be successfully employed in a wide range of application fields taking advantages of their different surface reactivity (if compared to the surface of the coated-NPs produced by chemical methods).

1) Nanoparticles and nanostructures production by Pulsed Laser Ablation in Liquids (PLAL)

»Spectroscopic studies of laser-liquid interaction (with liquid at ambient and high pressure) for the formation mechanisms characterization of nanoparticles and nanostructures in liquid

»Metal nanoparticles production in water without any kind of stabilizer

»Carbon nanostructures production in water at ambient and high pressure

Plasmas, lasers and nanostructuresR600x151

2) Interaction between biological systems and nanoparticles produced by Pulsed Laser Ablation in Liquids (PLAL)

»Study of the interaction of naked nanoparticles (produced by laser ablation in liquid) with biological systems (i.e. Human Ubiquitin, Human Serum Albumin (HSA), Human Serum (HS), human cells, etc.)


3) Production of thin films by plasma assisted Pulsed Laser Deposition (PA-PLD)

»Thin film deposition of metal oxides and glass for optical applications.

»Diamond Like Carbon (DLC) thin film deposition

Facilities & Labs











De Giacomo


  1. Dell’Aglio, V. Mangini, G. Valenza, O. De Pascale, A. De Stradis, G. Natile, F. Arnesano, A. De Giacomo, Silver And Gold Nanoparticles Produced By Pulsed Laser Ablation In Liquid To Investigate Their Interaction With Ubiquitin, Applied Surface Science, 2015 doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.11.253
  2. Dell’Aglio M, De Pascale O, R. Gaudiuso, De Giacomo A (2015) . Mechanisms And Processes Of Pulsed Laser Ablation In Liquids During Nanoparticle Production. Applied Surface Science, 348 (2015) 4- 9 Doi.Org/10.1016/J.Apsusc.2015.01.082
  3. Mangini V, Dell’Aglio M, De Stradis A, De Giacomo A, De Pascale O, Natile G, Arnesano F (2014). Amyloid Transition Of Ubiquitin On Silver Nanoparticles Produced By Pulsed Laser Ablation In Liquid As A Function Of Stabilizer And Single Point Mutations. Chemistry, Vol. 20, P. 10745-10751, Issn: 1521-3765, Doi: Doi: 10.1002/Chem.201402934
  4. De Giacomo A, Dell’Aglio M, Santagata A, Gaudiuso R, De Pascale O, Wagener P, Messina G C, Compagnini G, Barcikowski S (2013). Cavitation Dynamics Of Laser Ablation Of Bulk And Wire-Shaped Metals In Water During Nanoparticles Production. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 15, P. 3083-3092, Issn: 1463-9076, Doi:10.1039/C2cp42649h
  5. Messina G C, Wagener P, Streubel R, De Giacomo A, Santagata A, Compagnini G, Barcikowski S (2013). Pulsed Laser Ablation Of A Continuously-Fed Wire In Liquid Flow For High-Yield Production Of Silver Nanoparticle. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 15, P. 3093-3098, Issn: 1463-9076, Doi: Doi:10.1039/C2cp42626a
  6. Dell’Aglio M, Gaudiuso R, Elrashedy R, De Pascale O, Palazzo G, De Giacomo A (2013). Collinear Double Pulse Laser Ablation In Water For The Production Of Silver Nanoparticles. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Issn: 1463-9084, Doi: Doi:10.1039/C3cp54194k
  7. De Giacomo A, De Bonis A, Dell’Aglio M, De Pascale O, Gaudiuso R, Orlando S, Santagata A, Senesi G.S, Taccogna F, Teghil R (2011). Laser Ablation Of Graphite In Water In A Range Of Pressure From 1 To 146 Atm Using Single And Double Pulse Techniques For The Production Of Carbon Nanostructure. Journal Of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials And Interfaces, Vol. 115, P. 5123-5130, Issn: 1932-7447, Doi: 10.1021/Jp109389c
  8. Santagata A, De Bonis A, De Giacomo A, Dell’Aglio M, Laurita A, Senesi G.S, Gaudiuso R, Orlando S, Teghil R, Parisi Gp (2011). Carbon Based Nanostructures Obtained In Water By Ultrashort Laser Pulses. Journal Of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials And Interfaces, Vol. 115, P. 5160-5164, Issn: 1932-7447, Doi: 10.1021/Jp1094239



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