Advanced Photonics Group

The ADVANCED PHOTONICS group is a research team interested in polariton QUANTUM FLUIDS of LIGHT, the investigation of frontier physics mainly related to the interactions and coupling of light with matter both from a macroscopic point of view as well as at the single particle level. Collective coherent phenomena of condensates of Bose Einstein are studied in semiconductor materials exploiting quasiparticles generated by the strong coupling between light and excited states of matter to unravel a rich phenomenology of quantum fluids under superfluid or supersonic regimes, exploring the dynamics of vortex states, optically driven non-equilibrium condensates and the expanding or trapping of quantum gases. Other fields of interest are correlation of quantum states, and highly confined plasmon-polariton fields. Inorganic semiconductors and organic materials are investigated from a fundamental point of view as well as for new applicative concepts, like all-optical transistors, switches and logical gates. 

The experimental team is in charge of a fully equipped laboratory for Advanced Photonics at the newly founded Nanotechnology Institute of CNR. The group has also access to many, in-situ, state of the art facilities for growing and processing inorganic, organic and molecular semiconductors. 

Our team is made of people who believe in free research and free thinking. We dislike the military structure which often emerges even in those groups who suggest to be working in an informal environment. We strongly encourage the participation of all members in every aspect of the research activities sharing the same passion and cooperation to succeed working with fun making interesting and innovative explorations. Research is based on ideas and imagination
any effort to control them is boycotting science at large.


People Involved



CNR Senior Researcher

Group Coordinator



CNR PostDoc



Associate PostDoc



Associate PhD Student



CNR Researcher



CNR Technician



CNR PostDoc


De Giorgi

CNR Technologist



Associate PhD Student



Associate PhD Student

Facilities & Labs

Photonic Lab @ Lecce

Research Lines


  1. S. Donati, L. Dominici, G. Dagvadorj, D. Ballarini, M. De Giorgi, A. Bramati, G. Gigli, Y. G. Rubo, M. H. Szymańska, D. Sanvitto, Twist of generalized skyrmions and spin vortices in a polariton superfluid, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2016) – early edition
  2. F. Todisco, M. Esposito, S. Panaro, M. De Giorgi, L. Dominici, D. Ballarini, A. I. Fernandez-Dominguez, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, A. Passaseo, C. Ciraci, G. Gigli, D. Sanvitto, Towards Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics with Hybrid Photon Gap-Plasmon States, ACS Nano (2016) – article ASAP
  3. G. Lerario, D. Ballarini, A. Fieramosca, A. Cannavale, A. Genco, F. Mangione, S. Gambino, L. Dominici, M. De Giorgi, G. Gigli, D. Sanvitto, High speed flow of interacting organic polaritons, ​Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16212 (2017) – in press
  4. D. Sanvitto, S. Kéna-Cohen, The road towards polaritonic devices, Nat. Mater. 15, 1061 (2016)
  5. D. G. Suárez-Forero, G. Cipagauta, H. Vinck-Posada, K. M. Fonseca Romero, B. A. Rodríguez, D. Ballarini, Entanglement properties of quantum polaritons, Phys. Rev. B 93, 205302 (2016)
  6. A. C. S. Pimenta, D. C. Teles Ferreira, D. B. Roa, M. V. B. Moreira, A. G. de Oliveira, J. C. González, M. De Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and F. M. Matinaga, ​Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Single GaAs Nanowires with Polytypism, J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 17046 (2016) 
  7. L. Dominici, G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, D. Ballarini, M. De Giorgi , F. M. Marchetti, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, A. Bramati, G. Gigli, M. H. Szymańska, D. Sanvitto, Vortex and half-vortex dynamics in a nonlinear spinor quantum fluid, Sci. Adv. 1, e1500807 (2015)
  8. L. Dominici, M. Petrov, M. Matuszewski, D. Ballarini, M. De Giorgi, D. Colas, E. Cancellieri, B. Silva Fernández, A. Bramati, G. Gigli, A. Kavokin, F. Laussy & D. Sanvitto, Real-space collapse of a polariton condensate, Nat. Commun. 6, 8993 (2015)
  9. H. S. Nguyen, D. Gerace, I. Carusotto, D. Sanvitto, E. Galopin, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, J. Bloch, and A. Amo, Acoustic Black Hole in a Stationary Hydrodynamic Flow of Microcavity Polaritons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 036402 (2015)
  10. D. Colas, L. Dominici, S. Donati, A.A. Pervishko, T.C.H. Liew, I.A. Shelykh, D. Ballarini, M. de Giorgi, A. Bramati, G. Gigli, E. del Valle, F.P. Laussy, A.V. Kavokin, D. Sanvitto, Polarization shaping of Poincaré beams by polariton oscillations, ​Light Sci. Appl. 4, e350 (2015)
  11. J. C. López Carreño, C. Sánchez Muñoz, D. Sanvitto, E. del Valle, and F. P. Laussy​, Exciting polaritons with quantum light, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 196402 (2015)
  12. M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. Cuscunà, L. Dominici, M. De Giorgi, A. Passaseo, Tailoring chiro-optical effects by helical nanowire arrangement, Nanoscale 7, 18081 (2015)
  13. F. Todisco, S. D’Agostino, M. Esposito, A.I. Fernández-Domínguez, M. De Giorgi, D. Ballarini, L. Dominici, I. Tarantini, M. Cuscuná, F. Della Sala, G. Gigli, D. Sanvitto, Exciton-Plasmon Coupling Enhancement via Metal Oxidation, ACS Nano 9, 9691 (2015)​
  14. A. C. Berceanu, L. Dominici, I. Carusotto, D. Ballarini, E. Cancellieri, G. Gigli, M. H. Szymanska, D. Sanvitto, F. M. Marchetti, On multicomponent polariton superfluidity in the optical parametric oscillator regime, Phys. Rev. B 92, 035307 (2015)
  15. A. L. Capodilupo, V. Vergaro, E. Fabiano, M. De Giorgi, F. Baldassarre, A. Cardone, A. Maggiore, V. Maiorano, D. Sanvitto, G. Gigli and G. Ciccarella, Design and synthesis of fluorenone-based dyes: two-photon excited fluorescent probes for imaging of lysosomes and mitochondria in living cells, J. Mater. Chem. B 3, 3315 (2015)
  16. M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. De Giorgi, D. Sanvitto and A. Passaseo, Nanoscale 3D Chiral Plasmonic Helices with Circular Dichroism at Visible Frequencies, ACS Photonics 2, 105 (2015)
  17. M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, M. Cuscunà, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto and A. Passaseo, Triple-helical nanowires by tomographic rotatory growth for chiral photonics, Nat. Commun. 6, 6484 (2015)
  18. L. Dominici, D. Colas, S. Donati, J. P. Restrepo Cuartas, M. De Giorgi, D. Ballarini, G. Guirales, J. C. López Carreño, A. Bramati, G. Gigli, E. del Valle, F. P. Laussy, and D. Sanvitto, Ultrafast Control and Rabi Oscillations of Polaritons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 226401 (2014)
  19. M. De Giorgi, D. Ballarini, P. Cazzato, G. Deligeorgis, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, G. Gigli, F. P. Laussy, and D. Sanvitto
    Relaxation Oscillations in the Formation of a Polariton Condensate, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 113602 (2014)
  20. D. Ballarini, M. De Giorgi, S. Gambino, G. Lerario, M. Mazzeo, A. Genco, G. Accorsi, C. Giansante, S. Colella, S. D’Agostino, P. Cazzato, D. Sanvitto, G. Gigli, Polariton-Induced Enhanced Emission from an Organic Dye under the Strong Coupling Regime, Adv. Opt. Mat. 2, 1076 (2014)
  21. G. Lerario, A. Cannavale, D. Ballarini, L. Dominici, M. De Giorgi, M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, D. Sanvitto, and G. Gigli, Room temperature Bloch surface wave polaritons , Opt. Lett. 39, 2068 (2014) 
  22. S. Gambino, M. Mazzeo, A. Genco, O. Di Stefano, S. Savasta, S. Patanè, D. Ballarini, F. Mangione, G. Lerario, D. Sanvitto, G. Gigli, Exploring Light–Matter Interaction Phenomena under Ultrastrong Coupling Regime, ACS Photonics 1, 1042 (2014)
  23. M. Mazzeo, A. Genco, S. Gambino, D. Ballarini, F. Mangione, O. Di Stefano, S. Patanè, S. Savasta, D. Sanvitto, G. Gigli, Ultrastrong light-matter coupling in electrically doped microcavity organic light emitting diodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 233303 (2014)
  24. E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids, Phys. Rev. B 90, 214518 (2014)
  25. A. Massaro, F. Spano, M. Missori, M. A. Malvindi, P. Cazzato, R. Cingolani, A. Athanassiou, Flexible nanocomposites with all-optical tactile sensing capability for robotic skin implementation, ​RSC Adv. 4, 2820 (2014)
  26. D. Ballarini, M. De Giorgi, E. Cancellieri, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, R. Cingolani, A. Bramati, G. Gigli and D. Sanvitto, All-optical polariton transistor, Nat. Commun. 4, 1778 (2013)
  27. M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto and A. Passaseo, Three Dimensional Chiral Metamaterial Nanospirals in the Visible Range by Vertically Compensated Focused Ion Beam Induced-DepositionAdv. Opt. Mat. 2, 154 (2013)
  28. A. Massaro, F. Spano, P. Cazzato, C. La Tegola, R. Cingolani, A. Athanassiou, Robot Tactile Sensing: Gold Nano composites as Highly Sensitive Real-Time Optical Pressure Sensors, IEEE Robot. Autom. Mag. 20, 82 (2013)
  29. M. De Giorgi, D. Ballarini, E. Cancellieri, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymanska, C. Tejedor, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, A. Bramati, G. Gigli, and D. Sanvitto, Control and Ultrafast Dynamics of a Two-Fluid Polariton Switch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 266407 (2012)
  30. A. Massaro, F. Spano, P. Cazzato, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, Improvements of Optical Tactile Sensors for Robotic System by Gold Nanocomposite Material, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 12, 4878 (2012)
  31. D. Sanvitto, S. Pigeon, A. Amo, D. Ballarini, M. De Giorgi, I. Carusotto, R. Hivet, F. Pisanello, V. G. Sala, P. S. S. Guimaraes, R. Houdré,E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, A. Bramati and G. Gigli, All-optical control of the quantum flow of a polariton condensate, Nature Photon. 5, 610 (2011)
  32. ​​A. Amo, S. Pigeon, D. Sanvitto, V. G. Sala, R. Hivet, I. Carusotto, F. Pisanello, G. Leménager, R. Houdré, E Giacobino, C. Ciuti, A. Bramati, Polariton Superfluids Reveal Quantum Hydrodynamic Solitons, Science 332, 1167 (2011)
  33. A. Massaro, F. Spano, A. L. Ekuakille, P.Cazzato, R. Cingolani, A. Athanassiou, Design and Characterization of Nanocomposite Pressure Sensor Implemented in Tactile Robotic System, IEEE T. Instrum. Meas. 60, 2967 (2011)
  34. A. Massaro, F. Spano, P. Cazzato, R. Cingolani, A. Athanassiou, Innovative Optical Tactile Sensor for Robotic System by Gold Nanocomposite MaterialProg. Electromagn. Res. M 16, 145 (2011)
  35. A. Massaro, F. Spano, P. Cazzato, R. Cingolani, A. Athanassiou, Real time optical pressure sensing for tactile detection using gold nanocomposite material, Microelectron. Eng. 88, 2767 (2011)


POLAFLOW: Polariton condensates: from fundamental physics to quantum based devicesStarting Grant ,FP7 – IDEAS – ERC-2012-StG, panel PE2 (2012-2017)

Latest News

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    Lecce, 27 settembre 2019 – ex monastero degli Olivetani “CAR-T: l’alba di una nuova era”  con: Attilio Guarini (IRCCS Istituto Tumori “Giovanni Paolo II” di Bari)  introduce e modera: Marco Ferrazzoli (Ufficio Stampa CNR Roma) a cura di: Gabriella Zammillo 

    Le CAR-T (Chimeric Antigens Receptor Cells-T) sono cellule modificate in laboratorio a partire dai linfociti T. Rappresentano una nuova strategia di cura che sfrutta il sistema immunitario per combattere alcuni tipi di tumore come linfomi aggressivi a grandi cellule e leucemie linfoblastiche acute a cellule B. Il prof Attilio Guarini, ematologo all’Istituto tumori Giovanni Paolo II di Bari, le definisce la “vis sanatrix naturae della antica medicina salernitana”, trattandosi del potenziamento dell’attività citotossica dei linfociti del paziente opportunamente ingegnerizzati per riconoscere e contrastare alcuni tipi di cellule tumorali.

  • Notte dei Ricercatori

    Lecce, 27 settembre 2019


    ex monastero degli Olivetani, ore 18:00 – 24:00

     Ritorna puntuale la Notte dei Ricercatori, l’evento più atteso dai tanti appassionati di scienza, ghiotti di conoscenza senza distinzione di età. E sempre più densa di contenuti è la partecipazione del @CnrNanotec che, per l’edizione 2019,  ha reso ancora più appetibile il calendario degli appuntamenti programmati all’interno del progetto europeo #ERN-Apulia  coordinato da Unisalento, tracciando un ideale tour tra gli intriganti campi del sapere che si dipana attraverso narrazioni, illustrazioni, laboratori hand-on, dibattiti, giochi per grandi e piccini e rappresentazioni teatrali. (more…)

    September 14-22, 2019


    Science coffee. Tre scienziate si raccontano: Luisa Torsi, Loretta L del Mercato, Eva Degl’Innocenti
    Bari – Fiera del Levante, 20 settembre 2019 – 17.30

    Luisa Torsi, chimica, docente all’Università degli Studi di Bari e alla ABO Akademi University in Finlandia, tra le protagoniste della mostra della Fondazione Bracco .
    Loretta L del Mercato, biotecnologa – Ricercatrice CNR Nanotec. Esperta nell’uso delle nanotecnologie applicate in campo biomedico. Attualmente la ricerca si concentra sullo sviluppo di modelli cellulari di tumore del pancreas che consentano di testare l’efficacia di diverse terapie anticancro. Coordina il progetto ERC-StG “INTERCELLMED” finanziato dal Consiglio europeo della ricerca (Erc).
    Eva Degl’Innocenti, Direttrice MARTA di Taranto