Graphene & Other 2D – Materials

The work on Graphene and related 2D layered materials in the Apulian Graphene Lab at CNR-NANOTEC institute is addressed minly to the development of methodologies of Production and Material Processing. We also develop simple devices  for the assessment of the potential applications and for the validation of the materials properties.




Graphene production is performed by CVD on copper, CVD-graphene, (large are growth up to 300 cm2) and by SiC sublimation, Epitaxial-graphene, (graphene on SiC wafer up to 1” diameter) on Si-face (mono and bilayer graphene) and on C-face (few layers graphene).


2D layered materials synthesis. With an expertise of decades of research in the CVD technologies, we are working on the development of efficient processes for the growth of transition metal dichalcogenides (MoS2, WS2); the goal is the growth of single- and few-layer materials on graphene as well as on other epitaxial substrates (van der Walls growth) for the optoelectronic applications.


Graphene Material Processing  is on methodologies for graphene transferring on different substrates (glass, silicon and plastic) and on wet and dry procedures for doping and functionalization of single and multilayer graphene. Here, our expertise is on the plasma processing of graphene for the production of graphane, fluorographene and graphene oxide, thus tailoring properties to explore new applications in optoelectronic, sensors, energy and biotechnology.


Graphene Characterization,  graphene-based materials are characterized and investigated at the nanoscale by optical spectroscopy (Raman, Ellipsometry) and electrical measurements (Van der Pauw, Hall).



The research activity within the Apulian Graphene Lab, have already achieved important breakthroughs inside the EC project MEM4WIN on Smart Windows. Examples are:  the production of high quality graphene layers on large area with a sheet resistance lower than 15 Ω/square and, reliable plasma-chemical methods designed for surface functionalization of graphene.

Facilities & Labs

NanoChem @URT Bari




CNR Director of Research



Associate CNR Director of Research

mariamichelgiangregorio_researcherMaria Michela


CNR Researcher

giuseppevalerioBianco_researcherGiuseppe Valerio


CNR Researcher



Associate CNR Researcher



CNR Techinician

giovannipace_technicianGiovanni Battista


CNR Technician


  1. G. V. Bianco, M. M. Giangregorio, M. Losurdo,, A. Sacchetti, P. Capezzuto and G. Bruno. Demonstration of Improved Charge Transfer in Graphene/Au Nanorods Plasmonic Hybrids Stabilized by Benzyl Thiol Linkers. Journal of Nanomaterials, Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2561326. ISSN: 1687-4110 DOI 10.1155/2016/2561326
  2. M. Grande, G. V. Bianco, M. A. Vincenti, D. De Ceglia, P. Capezzuto, M. Scalora, A. D’Orazio & G. Bruno, Optically Transparent Microwave
  3. Polarizer Based On Quasi-Metallic Graphene, Scientific Reports 5, 17083, (2015). ISSN: 2045-2322; doi: 10.1038/srep17083
  4. G. V. Bianco, M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, A. Sacchetti, P. Prete, N. Lovergine, P. Capezzuto and G. Bruno, Direct epitaxial CVD synthesis of tungsten disulfide on epitaxial and CVD graphene, RSC Adv.,, 5, 98700 (2015) ISSN: 2046-2069; DOI: 10.1039/c5ra19698a
  5. M.M Giangregorio, W. Jiao, G.V. Bianco, P. Capezzuto, A.S. Brown, G. Bruno, M. Losurdo, Insights into the effects of metal nanostructuring and oxidation on work function and charge transfer of metal/graphene hybrids, Nanoscale 7,12868, (2015); ISSN: 2040-3364 DOI:10.1039/C5NR02610E
  6. M. Grande, M. A. Vincenti, T. Stomeo, G. V. Bianco, D. de Ceglia, N. Aközbek, V. Petruzzelli, G. Bruno, M. De Vittorio, M. Scalora, and A. D’Orazio. Graphene-based perfect optical absorbers harnessing guided mode resonances. OPTICS EXPRESS 23(16) 21032 (2015) ISSN: 1094-4087 DOI:10.1364/OE.23.021032

Other Selected Publications:

  1. M. Losurdo, I. Bergmair, B. Dastmalchi, T-H Kim, M.M. Giangregroio, W. Jiao, G.V. Bianco, A.S. Brown, K. Hingerl, G. Bruno, Graphene as an electron shuttle for silver deoxidation: Removing a key barrier to plasmonics and metamaterials for sers in the visible, Advanced Functional Materials, 24 (13) 1864-1878 (2014), ISSN: 1616-301X DOI 10.1002/adfm.201303135
  2. M. Grande, M. A. Vincenti, T. Stomeo, G. V. Bianco, D. de Ceglia, N. Aközbek, V. Petruzzelli, G. Bruno, M. De Vittorio, M. Scalora, and A. D’Orazio, Graphene-based absorber exploiting guided mode resonances in one-dimensional gratings; OPTICS EXPRESS 22(25) pp. 31511-31519 (2014)ISSN: 1094-4087; DOI 10.1364/OE.22.031511
  3. G. Bruno, G. V. Bianco, M. M. Giangregorio, M. Losurdo,  P. Capezzuto, Photothermal controlled structural switching in fluorinated polyene-graphene hybrids, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics; 16(27) 13948-13955 (2014) ISSN: 1463-9076; DOI:10.1039/c4cp01643
  4. M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V Bianco, P. Capezzuto, G. Bruno; How spectroscopic ellipsometry can aid graphene technology? THIN SOLID FILMS,  571,  389-394 (2014) ISSN: 0040-6090; DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2014.03.057.
  5. M. Losurdo, C. Yi, A. Suvorova, S. Rubanov, TH Kim, M. M. Giangregorio, W. Jiao,I. Bergmair,G. Bruno, and A.S. Brown .Demonstrating the Capability of the High-Performance Plasmonic Gallium-GrapheneCouple ACS NANO 8 (3) 3031-3041 (2014) ISSN: 1936-0851 DOI: 10.1021/nn500472r
  6. G. V. Bianco, M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, P. Capezzuto and G. Bruno Exploring and rationalising effective n-doping of large area CVD-graphene by NH3 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS , 16 (8)   3632-3639  (2014) ISSN: 1463-9076; DOI: 10.1039/c3cp54451f  
  7. M. Grande, T. Stomeo, G. V. Bianco, M. A. Vincenti, D. de Ceglia, V. Petruzzelli, G. Bruno, M. De Vittorio, M. Scalora, and A. D’Orazio. Fabrication of doubly resonant plasmonic nanopatch arrays on graphene Applied Physics Letters 102, 231111 (2013); ISSN: 0003-6951; doi: 10.1063/1.4810785
  8. M.M Giangregorio, M. Losurdo G.V. Bianco, E Dilonardo, P. Capezzuto, G. Bruno, Synthesis and characterization of plasmon resonant gold nanoparticles and graphenefor photovoltaics MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING B-ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL SOLID-STATE MATERIALS, 178 (9) 559-567 (2013) ISSN: 0921-5107; DOI: 10.1016/j.mseb.2012.10.034
  9. C. Yi, A. Suvorova, TH Kim, W. Jiao, Y.Yang, A. Lazarides, K. Hingerl,,G. Bruno, A.S. Brown, M. Losurdo, Evidence of Plasmonic Coupling in Gallium Nanoparticles/Graphene/SiC, SMALL 8(17)  2721-2730 (2012) ISSN: 1613-6810 ;DOI: 10.1002/smll.201200694
  10. M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V Bianco, P. Capezzuto, G. Bruno, Graphene CVD growth on copper and nickel: role of hydrogen in kinetics and structure, Physical chemistry Chemical Physics ; 13(46):20836-43(2011). ISSN: 1463-9076 DOI: 10.1039/c1cp22347j 
  11. M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, P. Capezzuto, G. Bruno, Ellipsometry as a Real-Time Optical Tool for Monitoring and Understanding GrapheneGrowth on Metals, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C,  115 (44) 21804-21812 (2011) ISSN: 1932-7447 DOI: 10.1021/jp2068914



FP7-MEM4WIN – Ultra thin glass membranes for advanced, adjustable and affordable quadruple glazing windows for zero-energy buildings , 2013-2016

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